Lack of hydration in winter months demonstrates as dry, tight feeling skin that is red, itchy and scaly. Ingredients For Sensitive Skin in Winter I have an expertise in treating sensitive skin types; many of my clients have this skin type, and have reviewed the scientific research in detail. Sensitive skin suffers particularly in winter and skincare should be all about protecting the strength of your skin barrier. When walking outdoors, wrap up warm and watch for that tight feeling that signals low levels of hydration. It leaves your skin more open to environmental damage including broken capillaries and more lines and wrinkles. My signature 4 Anti-Ageing Serum appeals to people with strong eco credentials and seeking science-based products that work: it contains echium oil and liquorice that act as both anti-ageing actives and calming ingredients. Echium oil is an oil rich in omega 3, 6 & 9 essential fatty acids and, in particular in stearidonic acid [SDA]. The anti-inflammatory oil has been proven to regenerate skin by increasing production of structural proteins, reducing wrinkles and surface roughness associated with winter skin. Liquorice has soothing properties – ideal for sensitive and irritated skin, uneven skin tone and hyper-pigmentation. Winter Skincare Recommendations Change your skincare to protect and strengthen your skin barrier with nurturing serum and moisturiser with intensive, hydrating ingredients. Change
Skin barrier breakdown and "compromised" skin are common in the autumn [a patch of eczema, scaly and rough dry skin texture, skin sensitivity and redness] or a wound. The skin acts as a barrier between internal and external environments protecting the body from mechanical damage, external substances, pathogens and irradiation. Changes associated with ageing and the accumulation of exogenous damage can alter skin function affecting skin health and appearance. In order to be effective, nutritional supplementation should reinforce the skin barrier function to withstand these structural and functional changes. OMEGA 6 Having reviewed the evidence, it seems to suggest that oral GLA [γ–Linolenic acid] supplements can improve skin barrier function. A 6% to 31% improvement in skin barrier was reported, which is in line with clinical improvements observed in the elderly; dry and sensitive skin; skin texture; itching; and perceived appearance. The studies that observed no changes in skin barrier though reported other benefits induced by supplementation, e.g., clinical improvement of dry skin texture and increased collagen deposition. However, body weight [BMI] and health status [pro-inflammatory markers in plasma] as well as seasonal changes can impact on the efficacy of the supplement. OMEGA 3 - fish oils and safflower oil do not seem to have the same benefit. Please read the scientific paper in detail.
Medical students are taught that half of the facts they learn are not true - we just don't know which half. Some of our most widely believed medical facts are based on almost no evidence at all. Is being slightly overweight (with BMI 25 - 30) healthier? Health weight range is not based on solid evidence (e.g. a significant study undertaken on many thousands of people or several such studies) with clearly defined basic categories i.e. BMI greater than 30 [Body mass Index; the ratio of body weight to the square of body height (kg/m2)]. Meta-analysis, is usually the holy grain of medical research, to provide the definitive answer to a scientific question. When the WHO (World Health Organisation) experts gathered to define obesity, BMI 30 has been chosen arbitrarily. Yet, obesity in middle age can reduce the risk of a person developing dementia later in life; to be overweight may well be healthier than to have normal weight. People who are considered overweight, with BMI 25 - 30, live longer. If methods of defining cut-off points in healthcare are largely arbitrary, it come as no surprise when the health definitions do not stand up to scrutiny.* In the ageing face, intuitively extra weight seems to add plumpness to the facial structures temporarily but research shows that thicker subcutaneous fat layer is
Skin responds to our emotions and stress has a negative effect on the skin condition. It compromises our immunity for a long time and is frequently reported as a trigger of acne, dermatitis and eczema. Increased concentration of cortisol in our circulation can reduce integrity of the skin barrier and slow down renewal of the upper skin layer, the epidermis. This leaves our skin more vulnerable to the external environment and prone to redness, dryness and scaling and, in the long-term, more lines and wrinkles. Change your skincare to protect your skin in Winter. Tone down the active ingredients and exfoliation, leave peels and microdermabrasion for Spring. Change your moisturiser to a richer cream with a lower SPF and more hydrating, occlusive ingredients (plant oils, shea butter). Use a richer cleanser and nourishing masks.
My clients frequently ask what to do if concerns occur when travelling abroad. Most often - apart from sunburn - they struggle with concerns related to a change in temperature, humidity and oiliness that result in weakened skin barrier and either breakouts or dry patches. Sunscreen Breakouts Our facial skin can find hot and humid summer conditions a challenge, due to a combination of factors: dirt and dust particles i.e. pollution increases due to travelling, sweating and higher sebum production (skin oiliness) and a protective layer of suncream - can result in summer breakouts. How to prevent the onset of spots on holiday: Use facial wipes frequently when travelling. If your skin is prone to comedone formation (blackheads), make an appointment for Deep Cleansing treatment a week before your travel. Apply a spot treatment with bacteria-eliminating actives at the first signs of inflammation (e.g. Dermalogica Special Clearing Booster (benzoyl peroxide), Aveda Outer Peace Blemish Relief (salicylic acid)) to reduce the spot size within hours. Use oil-free and non-comedogenic moisturiser that regulates oiliness in your facial T-zone. If your usual cleansing and moisturising products irritate you in summer, switch to products formulated for sensitive skin type (with a different emulsifying and preservative system) to soothe irritation and re-hydrate your facial skin. Use mineral water or grape extract in a spray (e.g.
Stratum corneum, as many of you will know, is the top-most layer of the skin and for a long time it has been thought to be only a "passive shell" that holds in all the more important organs. Nowadays we understand that this wonderful and smart layer protects us from the environment, senses what’s around us and also gives away information about our own well-being. It shows very well what is going on inside - whether we are in love, embarrassed or chronically ill. Stress and Ageing of the Face - The prestige skincare brand Estee Lauder have looked in the past at what role day-to-day psychological stress plays in skin ageing and how our skin reacts. Taking Care of Dry Skin in Winter - Topical for this time of the year, much research is still devoted to dry and sensitive skin. Primarily the Dove brand (Unilever) and Nivea (Beiersdorf) are looking into the worsening of winter dryness - tightness and redness that people with dry skin experience in cold weather. Glycerol and urea are beneficial, although my favourite is hyaluronic acid. Olive Oil in Skincare is Not Beneficial - Olive oil is a staple ingredient of many natural and organic skincare products. Research from the University of Sheffield shows that, although it opens up our skin to